Tuesday, December 31, 2019

Android Background

Android Background

Android is an open-source and Linux-based Operating System for mobile devices such as smartphones, tablet computers, Wearable devices, Auto and Televisions. Android is the world's most popular mobile platform. It was designed as "smart mobile devices that are more aware of its owner's location and preferences", However, the initial design of Android was to Develop an Operating System for Digital Cameras. Android is the brainchild of Andy Rubin, Rick Miner, Nick Sears, and Chris White. Soon, the creators of Android realized that the market space of Digital camera operating systems was not enough.

At earlier stages, Android had two competitors Symbian and Microsoft Windows mobile.

Google acquired Android Inc. in 2005. On November 5, 2007, google unveiled Android. It was the first product of the Open Handset Alliance and was the start of Google movement towards Smartphone business. On 23 Sept 2018, the First installment of the Android Operating System in a device was launched. Soon, Apple IOS and Android became the biggest competitors in the Smartphone business. Thereafter various versions of Android are launched, generally named after sweet dishes.

Android is mostly written in C, C++, and Java programming languages.

Android Now

The latest version of Android is Android 10.0, released on September 3, 2019, on Google's Pixel devices.

Android is designed for a wide range of devices, from small handheld mobile devices with a small screen to large-sized Television having large screen sizes. There are basically four form factors available for Android OS named Mobile Phone/Tablets, Wearable devices, Auto (for cars and Automobiles) and Televisions. Most of the devices are based on touch screen interaction between the user and the device. Now voice commands and gesture recognition are also playing their roles. Hardware buttons are getting diminished with time. The devices are getting lean, powerful and cheaper with the passage of time.

Devices are getting smarter and smarter with the newer versions of Android. Several new cutting edge technologies are also getting incorporated with the latest versions.